‘only 1/3rd Of Indians With Diabetes Keep Sugar In Check’ | Chennai News

Chennai: Only a third of people in India who know they have diabetes keep their sugar levels under control, says a study by the Indian Council of Medical Research and the Union department of health research.
Researchers say the Centre and the states must do more to prevent complications arising from untreated diabetes. The study, published in the scientific journal The Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology, says while 36.3% of diabetics achieved good glycemic control, 48.8% of them had good control of blood pressure control and 41.5% had cholesterol levels under control. More than three-fifths of people with diabetes did not have their HBA1C (average glucose) levels below 7% and at least half of them did not have their blood pressure below 140/ 90mm Hg and nearly 59% had poorly managed cholesterol levels.
“People who know of their condition are still able to do very little about it. And that’s the biggest worry,” said senior diabetologist Dr V Mohan, who heads the Madras Diabetes Research Foundation (MDRF). “We also need to study why some regions fare better than others. For instance, control of sugar levels was better among people in the west and northeast compared to those in the south and the north,” he said.
While nearly 41.6% of people with diabetes in the northeast had sugar levels under control, the percentage was 33 in the south and the east and 30 in the north. MDRF studied the status of diabetes control in India, based on a nationally representative sample of 5,789 people with diabetes. These people were drawn from the ICMR-India Diabetes (INDIAB) study a cross-sectional, population-based survey of 113,043 people across the country. Researchers checked if people with diabetes had good control of their blood sugar, blood pressure and cholesterol levels.
Diabetes affects nearly 10% of the total population and nearly a quarter of the population in metros such as Chennai, Bangalore, Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata. “Poor management of the disease can have devastating effects, damaging the heart, kidneys, eyes, and nerves. It can trigger a heart attack or stroke, cause kidney failure, blindness, crippling neuropathy, and death,” said the study’s first author diabetologist Dr RM Anjana, also vice-president of the Madras Diabetes Research Foundation.
“Treatment outcomes and healthy behaviour among diabetics remain suboptimal in India. The central, state governments should bring in policies to improve diabetes care at the primary, secondary and tertiary levels,” she said.
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