Educational technology and its five components

In this age of digital, scientific and technological world, our lives are completely affected by technology and its components in handling and dealing with daily affairs, both professionally and personally. The same goes for the field of education, and technology certainly helps make learning more comprehensive and easy.

To know and understand the components of educational technology, we must first understand what we mean by education, technology and educational technology and what is their importance and relevance in today’s digital world.

Meaning of educational technology

Education involves preparing and enriching the child’s mind and preparing it to face the world through different teaching methods and strategies. Earlier, a very traditional method of imparting education was followed. But with the passage of time, a lot of technological progress has been made and as we enter this technological world, the traditional method of education dissemination is not found and various technological methods have been adopted to make learning impactful.

Basically so Educational Technology he Science includes scientific methods And Technologies and the Use of hardware and software to accomplish Educational goals. Uno Cygnaeus is considered the father of educational technology. Hence, technology is primarily used as a tool and means to enhance the teaching and learning process.

Five components of educational technology

Educational technology is not just a term but a field with five major components. Let’s explore them.

1. Hardware

In educational technology, hardware components include mechanical equipment, materials, and electronic devices. Thus, all the physical materials that are used during the learning process come under this umbrella, which is basically a byproduct of the progress and development of technology in the current era.

the Hardware component for educational technology It consists of electronic equipment such as projectors, computers, laptops, television and motion pictures.

Projectors are very useful for getting a better understanding of the topic, as slides, graphs, charts and maps can be seen in an expanded form which helps to get a better understanding of the topic with more clarity.

Computers and laptops are among the most important electronic devices that are used to give inputs and get related outputs. It is the most required electronic device for all learners, whether in school, college, institutes or training centers.

While television and movies also contain many technology-rich educational programs that stimulate the auditory and visual sense of the learner and thus the learning is more impactful.

2. Software

This involves the scientific and systematic application of the research collected from the various required educational fields. In simple language, it includes all the principles, texts, instructions, programs and videos that are used in the teaching process and transmitted through devices.

Software tools Includes instructional materials, teaching models, teaching strategies, programmed instructions, and assessment tools. Software technology is used for hardware development.

3. Methods and implementation

By including and implementing appropriate devices, techniques, and tools, knowledge is imparted and the methods are micro-teaching, programmed learning, customized teaching system, group teaching, and evidence-based learning.

The implementation of these techniques and processes thus facilitates the application of cognition, memory and senses and thus leads to improved learning practices that lead to better learning outcomes.

4. Manpower and management

Education technology for sure Managed by the workforce. Without manpower, education technology cannot be implemented at all. Professionals with vast knowledge of different fields and fields come together to prepare, impart and manage the entire learning process.

5. Continuous evaluation and innovation

Continuous evaluation is very necessary from time to time to check and analyze the progress of the whole process. Learning outcomes can only be meaningful if there is continuous assessment and improvement in the adoption of new technology. Continuous exploration and experimentation of new devices and technology is a must. There should be an assessment of learning outcomes and thus address deficiencies or make incremental changes in methodology where appropriate.


Education technology has already contributed significantly to igniting the field of teaching. By using the latest relevant electronic devices and technologies, it has not only helped in classroom management but also in upgrading the learning management system. It also plays a key role in establishing strong communication and collaborative communication with teachers and students.

Again, this not only helps in assessing students’ learning but also helps in extending their learning through different social media and also helps them build a professional learning network. Educators should certainly explore this area very meticulously and in a detailed manner and choose the tools, devices, and applications that best suit their students. Besides being able to choose, they should be creative and imaginative enough, so that they can make maximum use of these applications in their teaching practices and also self-assessment as well as evaluating the whole process from time to time to check the scope of improvement.

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